What is any type

In TypeScript, the any type is a type that can hold any value. It acts as a way to opt-out of type checking and allow a variable to have any type of value. Using any gives you the flexibility of JavaScript’s dynamic typing but at the expense of losing the benefits of TypeScript’s static type checking.

When to Use any

The any type can be useful in several scenarios:

Migrating from JavaScript to TypeScript: When gradually migrating a JavaScript codebase to TypeScript, any can be used to allow existing code to function without requiring complete type annotations.

Dynamic content: When dealing with data from dynamic content like third-party libraries, user inputs, or JSON responses where the structure is not known at compile time.

Prototyping: During the early stages of development or prototyping where the exact types are not yet defined.

Defining and Using any


let looselyTyped: any = 4;
looselyTyped = "Now it's a string";
looselyTyped = true; // Now it's a boolean

function logMessage(message: any): void {

logMessage("Hello, world!");  // Outputs: Hello, world!
logMessage(123);              // Outputs: 123
logMessage({ key: "value" }); // Outputs: { key: 'value' }

In the example above, the variable looselyTyped can hold any value, and the function logMessage can accept an argument of any type.

Accessing Properties on any

When using any, you can access properties and methods that might not exist without causing a type error. This can be useful but also risky, as it might lead to runtime errors.

let obj: any = { x: 0 };
console.log(obj.x); // Outputs: 0
console.log(obj.y); // No error, but `y` is undefined
obj.foo();          // No compile error, but runtime error if `foo` is not a function

Losing Type Safety

Using any can lead to losing the type safety that TypeScript provides. This means TypeScript will not help catch type-related errors at compile time.

let someValue: any = "this is a string";
let strLength: number = someValue.length; // OK
let unknownValue: any = 4;
console.log(unknownValue.toUpperCase()); // Runtime error: `toUpperCase` is not a function