What is Type Alias

In TypeScript, a type alias is a way to create a new name for a type. This can be useful for making your code more readable and manageable, especially when dealing with complex types. Type aliases are defined using the type keyword followed by the new type name and an assignment to a type expression.


type AliasName = Type;

Example of Type Aliases

type StringAlias = string;
type NumberAlias = number;

let myString: StringAlias = "Hello";
let myNumber: NumberAlias = 123;

In this example, StringAlias is an alias for the string type, and NumberAlias is an alias for the number type.

Union Types

type ID = string | number;
let userId: ID;
userId = "abc"; // OK
userId = 1234567;   // OK

Here, ID is a type alias for the union of string and number, making it easier to reuse this type definition.

Object Types

You can also use type aliases to define object types.

type User = {
  id: number;
  name: string;
  email: string;

let user: User = {
  id: 1,
  name: "John Doe",
  email: "john.doe@example.com"

In this example, User is a type alias for an object with id, name, and email properties. This makes the code more readable and easier to maintain.

Function Types

Type aliases can be used to define function types as well.

type Operation = (a: number, b: number) => number;

const add: Operation = (x, y) => x + y;
const subtract: Operation = (x, y) => x - y;

console.log(add(10, 4));       // Output: 14
console.log(subtract(10, 4));  // Output: 6

Here, Operation is a type alias for a function that takes two numbers and returns a number.

Nested Types

You can create type aliases for more complex, nested types.

type Address = {
  street: string;
  city: string;
  country: string;

type UserProfile = {
  id: number;
  name: string;
  address: Address;

let profile: UserProfile = {
  id: 1,
  name: "Jane Doe",
  address: {
    street: "123 Main St",
    city: "Anytown",
    country: "USA"

In this example, UserProfile includes another type alias, Address, making it easier to manage nested structures.